The ScanPyramids mission, organised by Cairo University in collaboration with the HIP Institute, took place in November 2017. The objective was to probe some of the major monuments in Egypt in a non-destructive way.
The international mission revealed a cavity of more than 30 meters at the centre of the most famous pyramid in the world. The cavity, which is about 60 metres high, was found above the large gallery of Khufu. But this was not surprising, the mission had detected 2 other cavities in 2016, albeit much smaller.
The technique used before is referred to as muography. It was used by archaeologists to radiograph monuments using cosmic particles. The cavities were also “photographed” by telescopes installed on the outside and other machines deployed inside the pyramid.
Continued development in the field of science and research has led to advancements in the technology used by archaeologists. So this huge cavity was only discovered using the emulsion plates developed by the Japanese.
The cavity was first discovered by the emulsion plates and later confirmed by other teams on site. The telescopes had all been moved such that they were oriented towards the cavity. The existence of this huge cavity was confirmed in 2017, with a rough rough estimate of its size and position in the pyramid.
However, questions arise: Is it a single room or several adjoining rooms? Is the cavity tilted like the large gallery in the center of the pyramid? And if so, would it have the same function as the gallery? And what is its function? Many questions remain unanswered but researchers are keen to come up with the answers. This is definitely a great discovery with potential for many other mysteries.