This kind of flower was discovered by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1818; it was modestly named after himself and his companion, a surgeon naturalist, Dr. James Arnold. Rafflesia Arnoldii is a parasitic flowering plant. It has approximately 28 species all over the world. It has no stem, leaves, or roots. These flowers emerge from very large, cabbage-like, maroon and may have been 39 inches in diameter and weigh up to 22 pounds. The flower smell like a rotten flesh which some locals translate it to a corpse flower. The foul odor attracts insects which also helps them in pollination. It does not have chlorophyll, as all the green plants have and so it cannot undergo photosynthesis and considered as one of the rarest flowers in the world and on the verge of extinction.