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    关于马德里的5个有趣事实

    马德里是举世闻名的城市,它很棒,但是却经常被人们忽略。确实,游客倾向于把目光集中在巴塞罗那和塞维利亚等目的地,也许认为马德里更像是一个商业中心。但是,充满活力的西班牙首都在各个层面上都有许多优势。以其世界一流的美术馆和博物馆,奇妙的购物,令人印象深刻的建筑和神话般的夜生活而闻名,有许多原因使这座城市成为必看景点。但是,西班牙首都不只是其酒吧,餐馆和俱乐部。凭借其热闹的市场,古老的庙宇,小餐馆和中世纪遗迹,它在每个角落的商店都有惊喜。以下是关于这个独特的西班牙城市的5个有趣的事实…

    它是欧洲最高的首都之一

    你知道吗 ?马德里是欧洲最高的首都之一!这不是经济现实的问题,而是地质事实的问题。

    可以说还不够,但是马德里实际上是欧洲最高的首都之一,海拔667 m,唯一海拔更高的欧洲首都是安道尔城(Andorra la Vella),位于比利牛斯山脉高处的安道尔。我们还可以列举出欧洲最高的城镇中的库鲁什,特斯科尔,尤夫和特雷帕勒。无论如何,如果您去马德里,您将在一个城市。

    它是欧盟的第二大城市

    马德里是欧洲大都市之一,拥有惊人的320万居民。

    欧盟唯一人口更多的城市是柏林,有360万居民。在2020年离开欧盟之前,伦敦是欧盟人口最多的城市,有近900万居民。此外,如果我们谈论的是我们时代欧洲人口最多的城市,我们可以轻易地引用莫斯科及其2000万居民,伦敦(目前有1460万居民)和巴黎(拥有1300万居民和尘土飞扬)。

    马德里直到16世纪才成为西班牙的首都

    尽管马德里在中世纪获得了一定的重要性,但直到1561年菲利普二世将他的宫廷移交给马德里,并成为事实上的王权中心之后,马德里才成为西班牙的首都。

    在此之前,西班牙君主曾经将法院迁至他们的王国,并不断改变立场。供您参考的马德里是9世纪末由埃米尔·穆罕默德一世(Emir Muhammad I)创立的,然后在1047年,刚征服它的卡斯蒂利亚·费迪南德一世将其出售给托莱多国王。 1085年,阿方索六世(Alfonso VI)占领了托莱多市,马德里进入了卡斯蒂利亚王国。 1109年,这座城市被Almoravids摧毁,从那很远的那个世纪开始,这座城市就从自己的骨灰中重生,并重塑了自己。

    马德里拥有世界上最古老的餐厅

    成立于1725年的Botin餐厅正式成为世界上最古老的连续营业餐厅!

    它因其出色的当地特色菜而闻名,例如乳猪,欧内斯特·海明威(Ernest Hemmingway)于1920年代访问时曾高度评价此菜。这些多汁菜肴的秘密在于最早的燃木烤箱,建于1900年代初。自餐厅开业以来没有被扑灭的大火助燃。甚至有人认为画家弗朗西斯科·戈雅(Francisco Goya)年轻时可能在餐厅洗过碗!

    您可以看到有史以来最伟大的西班牙人之一的骨架

    奥古斯丁·伦戈·卡皮亚(Augustine Luengo Capilla)于1849年出生在埃斯特雷马杜拉的普埃布拉德阿尔科塞(Puebla de Alcocer),身高达到2米,这使他成为有史以来最高的西班牙人之一。

    悲剧性的早逝之后,在奥古斯丁的事先同意下,他的骨骼被捐赠给了国家人类学博物馆的馆长。此外,它今天仍在博物馆中展出,还有无数其他令人着迷的人体物品。你会猜到吗?这是一个非常有趣的事实,应引起重视和重视。

    另外,您可能听说过“条条大路通罗马”,但似乎在西班牙,条条大路通向马德里。另外,如果您去太阳门广场,在广场上会看到一个小标志,指示从马德里出发的6条主要道路为0公里。



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